Malaria Tablets & Malaria Pills
There are many drugs availabe that are used for treatment and for the prevention (prophylaxis) of malaria. Many drugs may be used for both purposes, with larger doses used to treat those who have malaria.
Malaria Pills (Therapy & Prophylactic drugs):
There are quite a few drugs used for treatment of malaria as well as those that can be taken preventively. Usually these tablets or pills are taken daily or weekly at a lower dose than would be used for treatment of a person who had actually has malaria. The use of these prophylactic drugs is not often a practical solution for people who are living in malaria risk areas and are usually used for short visits and travelers. The reasons for these drugs not being a long term solution are there can be negative side effects for long term use, the cost of purchasing the drugs making them difficult to obtain in poorer countries, so no magical cure for malaria currently exists, but these will help if you are travelling to a malerial region.
The currently available anti-malarial drugs used for the treatment of those who have malaria and the prevention of malaria (prophylaxis)
- Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone) (Therapy and prophylaxis)
- Cotrifazid (Therapy and prophylaxis)
- Doxycycline (Therapy and prophylaxis)
- Chloroquine (Therapy and prophylaxis; usefulness now reduced due to resistance)
- Mefloquine, trade name Lariam (Therapy and prophylaxis)
- Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (Therapy; prophylaxis for semi-immune pregnant women in endemic countries)
- Hydroxychloroquine, trade name Plaquenil (Therapy and prophylaxis)
Malaria Tablets (Prophylactic drugs):
Currently available anti-malarial drugs used only for the prevention of malaria (prophylaxis)
- Proguanil (Prophylaxis only)
Currently Available Malaria Medication:
Currently available anti-malarial drugs used only for the treatment for those people who have malaria:
- Artemether-lumefantrine (Therapy only, commercial names Coartem and Riamet)
- Artesunate-amodiaquine (Therapy only)
- Artesunate-mefloquine (Therapy only)
- Artesunate-Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (Therapy only)
- Quinine (Therapy only)
- Primaquine (Therapy in P. vivax and P. ovale only)
Other ways of lessening the Malaria Risk
Is there a Malaria Vaccine available?
No, there is no completely effective vaccine for malaria available, but there is a lot of research into malaria vaccines and there is hope that one day one will be available.
Mosquito nets help keep mosquitoes away from you and thus greatly reduce the malari risk of infection and transmission. I would make sure that you travel with a portable mosquito net if you are going to an area where you are at risk.
What to look for in a good mosquito net:
It is important to remember The nets are not a perfect barrier, so they are often treated with an insecticide designed to kill the mosquito before it has time to search for a way past the net. It is estimated that Insecticide-treated nets (ITN) about twice as effective as untreated nets
Kill Mosquitos with Mosquito Sprays
This is obviously a good way to not only get a good night sleep, but also reduce the risk of malaria.
Like the sprays that kill mosquitos, repellants can prevent you from being bitten by mosquitos. They come in many different forms and you can get:
- Repellant Mosquito Sprays
- Mosquito Tablets
- Mosquito Coils
- Mosquito Cream
These often fit into a plug that you turn on at night, kind of like the air fresheners that we have here in the UK!
Take a look at the Mosquito Plugs on Amazon.co.uk
These burn very slowly, similar to burning incense and it is the smoke that repells or sometimes even kills mosquitoes.
The creams are similar to suntan lotion, where you spread it over your skin to repell the mosquito
Note: The information about malaria and advice published or made available through the Safari-Guide web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
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What is Malaria?
Before going on your safari holiday in Africa, it is not only important to know about the country, it's people and their culture, but also the less fun aspects, like the diseases. Lions, Crocodiles and Elephants may be big and scary at times, but it is the tiny mosquito and the malaria parasite that it carries that is the biggest killer in Africa. Learn a little about it before going on holiday to keep yourself safe. >> more
Did you know that around 2000 people in the UK get malaria every year from travelling abroad. The advice is to always take malaria medication perscribed by your GP. It is also important to know what the symptoms are malaria are, so you know what to look out for as you can get malaria even with medication.>> more
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